heart disease

As your BMI increases, the risk of developing heart diseases such as coronary artery disease increases, and the coronary arteries are responsible for the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart, and when you gain weight, waxy substances accumulate inside, leading to a narrowing or blockage in these arteries.


Which leads to blocking blood flow to the heart muscle, making the person vulnerable to angina pectoris or heart attacks, and in late cases, coronary artery blockage may cause failure in vital heart functions, and it is a serious condition where the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet body needs.


The chances of developing high blood pressure increase in the case of obesity and overweight, and if blood pressure rises, it remains high over time, and this can harm the body in many ways.

brain attack

Being overweight or obese can lead to plaque buildup in the arteries, which eventually, can rupture, leading to clots forming in the bloodstream. If the clot is close to the brain, it can block the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain and lead to a stroke. The risk of having a stroke increases with an increase in body mass index.

type 2 diabetes:

In type 2 diabetes, the body's cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the body reacts by pumping more insulin, but over time the body cannot produce enough insulin to control the high blood sugar level.


Diabetes is the leading cause of premature death, coronary artery disease, stroke, kidney disease, and blindness, and most of those who have type 2 diabetes are overweight and obese.

Abnormal hyperlipidemia:

If you are overweight or obese, there is an increased risk of abnormal levels of fats in the blood. These fats include high levels of triglycerides and “bad” LDL cholesterol, and low levels of healthy cholesterol. High levels of these fats in the blood increase your risk. Multiple heart disease.


Being overweight or obese increases the risk of colon, breast, endometrial, and gallbladder cancers.


Arthritis occurs in the knees, hips and lower back, and this condition occurs if the tissue that protects the joints wears down, and extra weight puts more pressure and increases joint inflammation, causing bone pain.Stopping breathing during sleep:

Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which difficulty or pauses in breathing occur during sleep. This occurs in people who have a lot of fat around the neck that can cause the airway to narrow and difficulty breathing.

Reproductive problems:

Obesity can cause menstrual disorders and ovarian cysts, which may result in infertility in women.


People who are overweight or obese are at increased risk of developing gallstones, which cause stomach aches and lower back pain.


In addition to health problems, obesity limits general activity and causes sluggishness and laziness, so it is recommended to control weight and maintain a healthy body by following a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet.

Obesity is one of the diseases that have spread widely in different societies, and greatly affect the general health status of the person, often followed by other diseases such as type II diabetes, pressure, heart disease, etc., and people become overweight as a result of the accumulation of fat resulting from the consumption of extra calories The body’s need while not burning those calories and not exercising. Below we learn about the most important causes of obesity, its damage, methods of treatment and how to prevent obesity

.1*** genetic factor

The genetic factor is one of the most important causes of obesity in humans, resulting from the presence of a family history of obesity, depending on the transmission of genes, which causes weight gain.

2***. Excessive consumption of processed foods, sugars and starches

Eating processed foods that are high in saturated fats, eating sweets and sugars, and excessive intake of starches such as rice and pasta greatly contribute to weight gain and obesity, and drinking and excessive soft drinks increases the risk of obesity.

3***. Lack of exercise

The lack of any kind of sports and laziness and lethargy lead to weight gain and obesity, and on the contrary, the practice of any type of physical activity has a role in regulating the rate of insulin in the body, which reduces weight gain as the level of insulin and its instability has a role in obesity .

4.*** Take some medicine

There are types of medications, especially antidepressants, that help change the functions of the body and brain; What increases a person's appetite, which in turn causes him to become obese and a clear increase in weight.

5.**** Sleep disturbances

Suffering from sleep disturbances and the inability to relax and sleep well helps stimulate the secretion of one of the hormones that increase appetite, ghrelin.

bones and muscles

6***Obesity can cause osteoporosis in bone density and muscle mass. This is referred to as skeletal obesity, which can lead to an increased risk of fractures, physical disability and insulin resistance, as extra weight can put significant stress on joints, leading to pain.

7***Skin(Acanthosis nigricans) It can also occur by discoloration and thickening of the skin and wrinkling of the body.

Other effects

Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of various types of cancer, including endometrial, liver, kidney, cervical, colon, esophageal and pancreatic cancers. The higher the BMI, the higher the risk of cancer.

The rash can occur where the fat skin on the body is folded. A condition known as

One of the most common damages of obesity is type 2 diabetes, due to the accumulation of a lot of body fat and bad cholesterol, which causes insulin imbalance in the blood.

An increase in blood pressure that may result in a stroke.

Exposure to heart attacks and angina pectoris.

Causing cancerous diseases and malignant tumors that affect the cells of the body.

Obesity increases the chance of developing gallstones and liver and kidney problems.

Exposure to stress, constant tension and depression.

Obesity treatment:

Care must be taken to go to the doctor to identify the causes of obesity and treat them properly.

Treatment with fat-burning drugs may be resorted to under the supervision of a doctor, taking care to stay away from unlicensed drugs.

The doctor may resort to surgical intervention, and this is when it is not possible to treat by other methods

Obesity prevention methods:

Care must be taken to exercise regularly on a daily basis to prevent obesity.

Stay away from stress, anxiety, psychological pressure and nervousness.

Eat a healthy diet that contains fiber, especially fresh vegetables and fruits.

Avoid eating foods that are high in calories, including prepared foods and soft drinks.

Reduce fatty foods that contain sugars.

Reduce the intake of rice, pasta and white bread.

Use natural alternatives to white sugar, taking care not to overdo it either.

Stay away from laziness and lethargy, and make sure to increase physical activity during the day

How do you get rid of obesity?

In many cases, it is possible to follow different methods of diet that lead to the disposal of excess fat in the body, and you must stop eating junk foods and drinking drinks that contain high calories without nutritional value, by:

Reducing consumption of fat, sugar

- Eat foods rich in fiber

Eat protein-rich foods

- Doing exercise regularly

In other cases, “obese people” prefer to search for a skilled doctor who performs obesity operations, such as laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in Egypt, or by-pass, or Sasi, or others, and after performing these operations, a strict diet must be followed so as not to fail. These operations and the doctor is forced to perform an operation to correct the course of the stomach is successful

Do exercise regularly

Monitor your weight, you must know your ideal weight and try to reach and maintain it

Eat healthy foods that contain beneficial nutrients

Iron will is the secret. If you have temptations, such as foods that you like to eat but feel full, do not eat them, always remember that food is only to meet the needs of the body and not a hobby that you can do at any time.