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1-What is hemorrhoids symptoms

2-Causes and risk factors





7-Alternative therapies

Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids) are prominent and swollen veins in the anus (anus) and in the lower part of the rectum (Rectum), formed as a result of exertion during the work of the intestine or as a result of severe pressure on these veins, as happens during pregnancy, for example.

Hemorrhoids is a very common disease even in the age of 50, and affects about half of adults.

Most people get an improvement in hemorrhoid symptoms after using home remedies to treat hemorrhoids and change the lifestyle.

Types of hemorrhoids

There are four types of hemorrhoids:

1. External hemorrhoids

They are located on the anus directly on the surface from which stool comes out. They are not always visible but are sometimes seen as lumps on the surface of the anus.

External hemorrhoids are not usually a serious medical problem.

2. Internal hemorrhoids

They are usually located in the rectum, and cannot always be seen because they are too deep to be visible from the anus.

Internal hemorrhoids are usually not dangerous and tend to go away on their own.

3. Prolapsed hemorrhoids

Prolapsed hemorrhoids appear when internal hemorrhoids swell and stick to the anus. Prolapsed hemorrhoids look like red, swollen lumps or bumps outside the anus.

4. Thrombosed hemorrhoids

A thrombosed hemorrhoid contains a blood clot within the hemorrhoid tissue, and it may appear as lumps or swelling around the anus.

Blood clots can occur in both internal and external hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoid symptoms

Symptoms of hemorrhoids vary from person to person, as well as according to their type.

1. General symptoms of hemorrhoids

In the case of hemorrhoids in general, the following symptoms may appear:

Painless bleeding during a bowel movement. Sometimes a little bright red blood may be noticed on the toilet paper or on the toilet bowl.

Itching or irritation in the anal area.

Pain or discomfort.

Visible and protruding hemorrhoids outside the anus.

Swelling around the anus.

A painful or tender lump next to the anus.

stool leakage;

2. Symptoms of hemorrhoids depending on their type

Symptoms of hemorrhoids differ due to the different location of the hemorrhoids:

Symptoms of internal hemorrhoids

Symptoms of hemorrhoids inside the rectum are not visible or felt, and usually do not cause discomfort.

However, straining or burning when passing stool may injure the delicate outer surface of the hemorrhoid, causing bleeding.

Sometimes, especially with exertion, internal hemorrhoids may bulge out. These are called protruding hemorrhoids, or prolapsed hemorrhoids, and can cause pain and itching.

Symptoms of external hemorrhoids

One of the most important symptoms of hemorrhoids is their irritation and irritation that can cause itching or bleeding.

Sometimes the blood may stretch the external hemorrhoid and draw it inward, forming a thrombus, which causes severe pain, swelling, and inflammation.

Causes and risk factors for hemorrhoids

The veins around the anus usually tend to constrict due to pressure and can swell, and swollen veins may swell as a result of too much pressure in the lower rectum.

Causes of hemorrhoids

Among the causes of hemorrhoids:

genetic factor.

Aging, because the supporting tissues of the rectal and anal veins weaken and contract with age.

Factors that increase the risk of infection

Hemorrhoids can be caused by one of the following factors:

Effort during bowel work.

Prolonged sitting on the toilet bowl.

Chronic diarrhea or chronic constipation.



Having anal sex.

Complications of hemorrhoids

Complications are rare, but if they do occur, they may include:

Anemia: Chronic blood loss from disease can cause anemia.

Strangulated hemorrhoids: This occurs as a result of the interruption of the blood supply to them and they suffocate, which can lead to severe pain, and eventually to tissue death (Necrosis).

Diagnosis of hemorrhoids

The prognosis varies with the type of hemorrhoid.

Diagnosis of hemorrhoids

The doctor makes the diagnosis by the following:

Diagnosis of external hemorrhoids: The proctologist (Proctologist) can only see.

Diagnosis of primary internal hemorrhoids: The doctor needs to insert his finger, covered with a rubber glove, into the rectum.

Advanced internal hemorrhoid diagnosis: The doctor examines the lower part of the intestine and rectum with:


Rectoscope (Proctoscope).


These endoscopes are soft, lighted tubes that allow the doctor to look inside the anus and rectum.